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双语:中秋节的起源、传说及习俗(附央视中秋晚会节目单)

更新时间  2022-06-13 00:41 阅读
本文摘要:奇速君语:2017年英语考试纲领的调整通报出主要信号:在英语学习上重视和突出中华传统价值观,重视语言应用,回归了英语作为语言功效的本质。高考英语更重视考察学生阅读能力、跨文化外交能力和思维能力。 因此掌握一些传统文假名词和背诵一些传统文化方面的范文,对提高听力、阅读明白、作文结果有着很大的资助!今天这篇关于中秋节的文章,希望同学们认真阅读!奇速君祝大家中秋节快乐!中秋节: Mid-autumn Day/ Mid-autumn Festival中秋节是什么?

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奇速君语:2017年英语考试纲领的调整通报出主要信号:在英语学习上重视和突出中华传统价值观,重视语言应用,回归了英语作为语言功效的本质。高考英语更重视考察学生阅读能力、跨文化外交能力和思维能力。

因此掌握一些传统文假名词和背诵一些传统文化方面的范文,对提高听力、阅读明白、作文结果有着很大的资助!今天这篇关于中秋节的文章,希望同学们认真阅读!奇速君祝大家中秋节快乐!中秋节: Mid-autumn Day/ Mid-autumn Festival中秋节是什么?What is Mid-Autumn Festival?To the Chinese, Mid-Autumn Festival means family reunion and peace. The festival is celebrated when the moon is believed to be the biggest and fullest. To the Chinese, a full moon is a symbol of prosperity, happiness, and family reunion.对中国人来说,中秋节意味着团聚、平安。人们以为,中秋节的月亮最大、最圆。满月象征着繁荣、幸福和团圆。

中国人怎么过中秋?How the Chinese Celebrate Mid-Autumn?Many traditional and meaningful celebrations are held in most households in China, and China's neighboring countries. The main traditions and celebrations include eating mooncakes, having dinner with family, gazing at and worshipping the moon, and lighting lanterns. 大部门中国家庭以及中国的邻国都市举行许多传统的庆祝运动,主要庆祝方式包罗吃月饼,吃团圆饭,赏月和点灯笼。中秋节起源版本一中秋节起源Why Mid-Autumn Festival is Celebrated and How it Started?Mid-Autumn Festival has a history of over 3,000 years, dating back to moon worship in the Shang Dynasty (1600–1046 BC). It’s such an important festival that many poems were written about it, stories and legends about the festival are widespread, and its origins have been guessed at and explained by generations of Chinese.中秋节有三千多年历史,可以追溯到商代时对月亮的崇敬。因为中秋节的重要职位,历代诗人都市为中秋节写诗,关于中秋节的故事、传奇在民间广为流传,中秋节的起源也被历代中国人探究。

The term "Mid-Autumn" first appeared in the book Rites of Zhou (周礼), written in the Warring States Period (475–221 BC). But the term only related to the time and season; the festival didn't exist at that point.“中秋”一词最早泛起在战国时期《周礼》一书中,可是该词只和时间和季节有关,其时还没有中秋节。In the Tang Dynasty (618–907 AD), it was popular to appreciate the moon. Many poets liked to create poems related to the moon when appreciating it. There is a legend that Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty visited the Moon Palace in his dream and heard a wonderful song.唐代时赏月风靡,诗人在赏月之时佳作连连。据传,唐玄宗曾在梦中去往月宫并听到优美的歌声。

In the Northern Song Dynasty (960–1127 AD), the 15th day of the 8th lunar month was established as the "Mid-Autumn Festival". From then on, sacrificing to the moon was very popular, and has become a custom ever since.北宋时期,夏历八月十五才被正式确立为中秋节,从那以后,为月亮献祭盛行,从那以后便成为民俗。中秋节起源版本二The Mid-Autumn Festival falls on the 15th day of the 8th lunar month, usually in early September to early October of the Gregorian calendar with full moon at night. It is a time for family members and loved ones to congregate and enjoy the full moon - an auspicious symbol of abundance,harmony and luck. Adults will usually indulge in fragrant mooncakes of many varieties with a good cup of piping hot Chinese tea, while the little ones run around with their brightly-lit lanterns.每年夏历八月十五日,是传统的中秋佳节。这时是一年秋季的中期,所以被称为中秋。

在这天,每个家庭都团聚在一起,一家人配合鉴赏象征丰裕、和谐和幸运的圆月。此时,大人们吃着鲜味的月饼,品着热腾腾的香茗,而孩子们则在一旁拉着兔子灯恣意玩耍。The festival has a long history. In ancient China, emperors followed the rite of offering sacrifices to the sun in spring and to the moon in autumn. Historical books of the Zhou Dynasty had had the word "Mid-Autumn". Later aristocrats and literary figures helped expand the ceremony to common people. They enjoyed the full, bright moon on that day, worshipped it and expressed their thoughts and feelings under it. By the Tang Dynasty (618-907), the Mid-Autumn Festival had been fixed, which became even grander in the Song Dynasty (960-1279). In the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties, it grew to be a major festival of China.中秋节有悠久的历史,和其它传统节日一样,也是逐步生长形成的,古代帝王有春天祭日,秋天祭月的礼制,早在《周礼》一书中,已有“中秋”一词的纪录。厥后贵族和文人学士也仿效起来,在中秋时节,对着天上又亮又圆一轮皓月,鉴赏祭拜,寄托情怀,这种习俗就这样传到民间,形成一个传统的运动,一直到了唐代,这种祭月的民俗更为人们重视,中秋节才成为牢固的节日,《唐书·太宗记》纪录有“八月十五中秋节”,这个节日盛行于宋朝,至明清时,已与元旦齐名,成为我国的主要节日之一。

The Mid-Autumn Festival probably began as a harvest festival. The festival was later given a mythological flavour with legends of Chang-E, the beautiful lady in the moon.中秋节最早可能是一个庆祝丰收的节日。厥后,月宫里漂亮的仙女嫦娥的神话故事赋予了它神话色彩。According to Chinese mythology, the earth once had 10 suns circling over it. One day, all 10 suns appeared together, scorching the earth with their heat. The earth was saved when a strong archer, Hou Yi, succeeded in shooting down 9 of the suns. Yi stole the elixir of life to save the people from his tyrannical rule, but his wife, Chang-E drank it. Thus started the legend of the lady in the moon to whom young Chinese girls would pray at the Mid-Autumn Festival.传说古时候,天空曾有10个太阳。

一天,这10个太阳同时泛起,酷热难挡。弓箭手后翌射下了其中9个太阳,拯救了地球上的生灵。他偷了永生不死药,却被妻子嫦娥偷偷喝下。

今后,每年中秋月圆之时,少女们都要向月宫仙女嫦娥祈福的传说便流传开来。说起中秋节你可能还没有老外明白多?在中国快10年的逗比老外司徒给你讲讲中秋节的来源1The Legends of the Mid-Autumn Festival 中秋节是中国人一年中除春节外最重要的节日。跟许多节日一样,中秋节跟古代传说有关,本篇里就提到了两个流传最为广泛的传说:嫦娥与后羿、天宫玉兔的故事。Mid-Autumn Festival is the second most important Chinese festival of the year (after Chinese New Year). As with many festivals, its traditions and rituals are tied to ancient legends. Here are two of the more popular ones.The Story of Chang’é and Hou YiIn the days of long ago, the Earth had nine suns. The suns blazed so brilliantly that they scorched everything on Earth. Trees and plants withered, rivers dried up, and no crops could grow. The people began to starve. The Jade Emperor summoned the best archers in the land to shoot down the suns.A young archer named Hou Yi raised his bow to the sky, and one by one, shot down each of the suns until only one remained. For his success in saving the Earth, the Jade Emperor awarded him the Pill of Immortality. Although he appreciated the Jade Emperor’s reward, Hou Yi didn’t want to take the pill and become immortal. It would mean he would have to leave his wife, Chang’é, whom he loved very much, and live up in the Heavens. So he asked Chang’é to hide the pill. Hou Yi had an archery student named Peng Meng. Peng Meng found out about the Pill of Immortality and wanted it for himself. One day when Hou Yi was out hunting, Peng Meng went to Chang’é and demanded the pill. She refused to give it to him, but knowing that she could not defeat him, swallowed the pill so he could not have it. Immediately, she became light as a feather and rose higher and higher into the sky until she reached the moon. Because she could not return to Earth, the Jade Emperor made her the Moon Goddess.When Hou Yi returned home and found out what had happened to Chang’é, he was heartbroken. He gathered all her favorite fruits, and laid them on an altar to worship her. People in the village heard about Chang’é’s fate, and they also began to worship the moon. This is how moon worship became a Chinese tradition.However, it is said that the Jade Emperor took pity upon this young couple. Once a year, on the 15th day of the 8th month in the Chinese lunar calendar, the day of Mid-Autumn Festival, he allows Hou Yi to cross the Milky Way to be with Chang’é. The Jade RabbitThree immortal beings descended from the heavens and transformed themselves into three old men. They met a fox, a monkey, and a rabbit, and begged them for food. The fox and the monkey had some food that they gave to the old men. The rabbit had nothing.Ashamed that he didn’t have any food to give, the rabbit offered himself saying, “You can eat me.” The immortals were very touched by his gesture. They made him immortal and sent him to live on the moon as the Jade Rabbit. He became Chang’é’s faithful companion and grinds her Pill of Immortality. The Jade Rabbit is often seen in the moon on Mid-Autumn Festival, along with the Moon Goddess, Chang’é.ritual [ˈrɪtʃʊəl] n. (宗教等的) 仪式blaze [bleɪz] vt.&vi.(使)燃烧,(使)冒火焰scorch [skɔːtʃ] vt. 把…烧焦;使枯萎wither [ˈwɪðə] vi. 干枯,枯萎;失去生气Jade Emperor 玄门神话传说中的天地的主宰. 犹如人间的天子,上掌三十六天,下辖七十二地,掌管神、仙、佛、圣、人间、鬼门关的一切事,权力无边,有穹苍圣主、诸天宗王之称Pill of Immortality永生不老药;仙丹altar ['ɔːltə] n. 祭坛,圣坛Milky Way古希腊将银河称为“乳之路”因为他们认为这是天后赫拉喂婴儿时流淌的乳汁形成的。

在古代中国,银河又称天河、星河descend [dɪˈsend] vi. 降临;突然造访2The Legends of the Mid-Autumn Festival In the 14th century, the eating of mooncakes at Mid-Autumn Festival was given a new significance. The story goes that when Zhu Yuan Zhang was plotting to overthrow the Yuan Dynasty started by the Mongolians, the rebels hid their messages in the Mid-Autumn mooncakes. Zhong Qiu Jie is hence also a commemoration of the overthrow of the Mongolians by the Han people.在14世纪,中秋节吃月饼又被赋予了一层特殊的寄义。传说在朱元璋带兵起义推翻元朝时,将士们曾把联络信藏在月饼里。因此,中秋节厥后也成为汉人推翻蒙昔人统治的纪念日。

During the Yuan Dynasty (A.D.1206-1368) China was ruled by the Mongolian people. Leaders from the preceding Sung Dynasty (A.D.960-1279) were unhappy at submitting to foreign rule, and set how to coordinate the rebellion without it being discovered. The leaders of the rebellion, knowing that the Moon Festival was drawing near, ordered the making of special cakes. Packed into each mooncake was a message with the outline of the attack. On the night of the Moon Festival, the rebels successfully attacked and overthrew the government. What followed was the establishment of the Ming Dynasty (A.D. 1368-1644). Today, moon cakes are eaten to commemorate this event.在元朝,蒙昔人统治中国。前朝统治者们不甘愿宁可政权落入外族之手,于是谋害筹谋团结起义。正值中秋快要,起义首领就下令部下制作一种特此外月饼,把起义计划藏在每个月饼里。到中秋那天,起义军获取胜利,推翻了元朝,建设明朝。

今天,人们吃月饼纪念此事。中秋绘本故事视频种种常见月饼中秋节 Mid-autumn day、Moon Festival、Mooncake Festival、Zhongqiu Festival月饼mooncake冰皮月饼snow skin mooncake豆沙月饼 red bean paste mooncake五仁月饼five-nuts mooncakes蛋黄月饼 egg yolk mooncake莲蓉月饼 lotus seed paste mooncake鲜肉月饼 pork mooncake中秋节英文祝福Happy Moon Festival!中秋快乐!May the Mid-Autumn Festival bring along with good fortune and a harvest of smiles for you and family.祝中秋佳节快乐,祝您合家欢喜,好事连连。

Wish you a perfect life just like the roundest moon in Mid-Autumn Day.愿您的生活就象这十五的月亮一样,圆圆满满。Though far apart, we all share the beautiful moment when the bright moon rises above the sea.海上生明月,天涯共此时。

一些关于“中秋节”习俗的英语说法:中秋节Mid-Autumn Festival每年夏历八月十五日,中国人都市庆祝中秋节这一传统节日。Every year, Chinese people celebrate the traditional Mid-Autumn Festival on the 15th day of the eighth month in the Chinese lunar calendar.中秋节我国民间有家家吃月饼的习俗。鲜味适口的月饼象征合家团圆、欢聚。

It's traditional in China to eat moon cakes for the Mid-Autumn Festival. These yummy treats symbolise reunion and happiness.月饼都有啥馅的呢?mooncakes with meat/nuts/ham/yolk 肉馅/果仁/火腿/蛋黄月饼如今,中秋节已被列为国家法定节沐日。许多人会借中秋小长假探访亲朋挚友。Now, Mid-Autumn Festival has been listed as an official holiday in China. Many people will visit their family members and friends during this "mini-holiday".中秋节另有哪些习俗呢?赏月:admire the full moon /watch the full moon to celebrate the festival 碧空如洗,圆月如盘。人们在恣意赏月之际,会情不自禁地想念远游在外、客居异乡的亲人。

中国人向来把家人团圆、亲友团聚,共享天伦之乐看得极其珍贵,向来有“花好月圆人团聚”之谓。点灯笼:light lanterns中秋之夜,天清如水,月明如镜,可谓良辰之美景,然而对此人们并未满足,于是便有燃灯以助月色的民俗。玩花灯 :play with lanterns / scaldfish 中秋玩花灯主要只是在家庭、儿童之间举行的,多集中在南方。

祭月:offering sacrifice to the moon中秋祭月仪式是一种古老的祭祀礼仪,表达人们祈求月神降福人间的一种优美心愿。月儿圆,人团圆,中秋佳节总能勾起人们无限的情思,这其中既有团圆的喜悦、祥和之情,也有身处异乡的凄婉与惆怅……今日中秋,奇速君借着昔人们或凝重清丽或豪迈旷达的咏月诗词,送上森森滴祝福~以下这些唯美的古诗词译成英文竟也别有一番韵味呢~最适合在赏月时细细品读一番了~月下独酌李白花间一壶酒, 独酌无相亲;碰杯邀明月, 对影成三人。月既不解饮, 影徒随我身;暂伴月将影, 行乐须及春。

我歌月彷徨, 我舞影庞杂;醒时同交欢, 醉后各疏散。永结无情游, 相期邈云汉。Drinking Alone with the MoonFrom a wine pot amidst the flowers,I drink alone without partners.To invite the moon I raise my cup.We're three, as my shadow shows up.Alas, the moon doesn't drink.My shadow follows but doesn't think.Still for now I have these friends,To cheer me up until the spring ends.I sing; the moon wanders.I dance; the shadow scatters.Awake, together we have fun.Drunk, separately we're gone.Let's be boon companions forever,Pledging, in heaven, we'll be together.水调歌头苏轼明月几时有?把酒问青天。

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不知天上宫阙,今夕是何年?我欲乘风回去,又恐琼楼玉宇,高处不胜寒。起舞弄清影,何似在人间。转朱阁,低绮户,照无眠。不应有恨,何事长向别时圆?人有离合悲欢,月有阴晴圆缺,此事古难全。

希望人恒久,千里共婵娟。The Midautumn FestivalTune: “Prelude to Water Melody”How long will the full moon appear?Wine cup in hand, I ask the sky.I do not know what time of the year,It would be tonight in the palace on high.Riding the wind, there I would fly,Yet I’m afraid the crystalline palace would beToo high and cold for me.I rise and dance, with my shadow I play.On high as on earth, would it be as gay?The moon goes round the mansions redThrough gauze-draped window soft to shedHer light upon the sleepless bed.Why then when people part, is the oft full and bright?Men have sorrow and joy; they part or meet again;The moon is bright or dim and she may wax or wane.There has been nothing perfect since the olden days.So let us wish that manWill live long as he can!Though miles apart, we’ll share the beauty she displays.月夜忆舍弟杜甫戍鼓断人行,秋边一雁声。露从今夜白,月是家乡明。有弟皆疏散,无家问死生。

寄书长不达,况乃未休兵。Thinking of My Brothers On a Moonlit NightWar drums break people’s journey drear;A swan honks on autumn frontier.Dew turns into frost since tonight;The moon viewed at home is more bright.I’ve brothers scattered here and there;For our life or death none would care.Letters can’t reach where I intend;Alas! The war’s not come to an end.关山月李白明月出天山,迷茫云海间。长风几万里,吹度玉门关。

汉下白登道,胡窥青海湾。由来征战地,不见有人还。戍客望边色,思归多苦颜。

高楼当此夜,叹息未应闲。Drinking Alone with the MoonFrom Heaven's Peak the moon rises bright,Over a boundless sea of cloud.Winds blow for miles with main and mightPast the Jade Gate which stands so proud,Our warriors march down the frontierWhile Tartars peer across Blue Bays.From the battlefield outstretched here,None have come back since olden days.Guards watch the scene of borderland,Thinking of home, with wistful eyes.Tonight upstairs their wives would stand,Looking afar with longing sighs.望月怀远张九龄海上生明月,天涯共此时。情人怨遥夜,竟夕起相思。

灭烛怜光满,披衣觉露滋。不堪盈手赠,还寝梦佳期。

Viewing the Moon, Thinking of YouAs the bright moon shines over the sea,From far away you share this moment with me.For parted lovers lonely nights are the worst to be.All night long I think of no one but thee.To enjoy the moon I blow out the candle stick.Please put on your nightgown for the dew is thick.I try to offer you the moonlight so hard to pick,Hoping a reunion in my dream will come quick.央视中秋晚会节目单满月飞明镜,团圆家家情。奇速送祝福,佳节满温馨。祝中秋快乐!。


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